With so many companies selling Essential Oils (EOs) these days, confusion, miss-information, and conflicting information abound on the Internet. Which brings up a lot of questions about Essential Oil safety. Are your essential oils harming you, or are they safe to use? Should you ingest essential oils, or use them directly on your skin? Are they safe to use with your pets?
Ask three different essential oil direct sales consultants about essential oil safety, and you might get three different answers. And most likely none of them are Certified Aromatherapists. (I’m not either, but have taken a Basic Aromatherapy Course, and have done a lot of research on EOs for my own personal use.) I see a lot of misuse of essential oils going on. So I wanted to share some FACTS about Essential Oil Safety to help you use them as safely as possible.
This information is backed up by national and international organizations including, the Alliance of International Aromatherapists (AIA), the National Association of Holistic Aromatherapy (NAHA), as well as the Aromatherapy Trade Council (ATC). And it’s considered best practices for safe use of essential oils.
What is an Essential Oil?
In case you’re new to Essential Oil use, here’s a very brief primer. Essential oils are highly concentrated, aromatic plant oils that can be derived from just about any part of a plant including: bark, citrus rinds, berries, flowers, leaves, nuts, roots, resin or sap, seeds, and stems.
Essential oils are typically extracted by one of three main processes. 1) steam distillation (most EOs are steam and/or water distilled), 2) solvent extraction (used for extremely fragile flower petals like jasmine and gardenia), and 3) cold pressing (for citrus peels to press oil out of the peel.)
These lovely but volatile plant extracts contain naturally occurring anti-bacterial, anti-viral, and anti-fungal properties. These naturally occurring oils help the source plants survive against bugs and disease.
Essential Oil Safety
It’s ironic that in the US the FDA does not regulate any health and beauty products for safety or toxic chemicals. Over 1,400 known toxins (banned all over the world except US) including carcinogens, neurotoxins, hormone-disruptors, and more are used in every-day US health and beauty products. Yet if a company makes any claim of a health benefit from a plant-based essential oil, the FDA considers it a “drug”. And it will pull it from the shelf, or subjects the company to a whole different set of testing and certification for that essential oil.
For the purposes of this article, I won’t be sharing any specific “health benefits” of essential oils, there are many fantastic Essential Oil Books that can assist you with that. What I’m sharing here are ways to safely use essential oils.
Essential Oil Misuse
One place I see misuse of essential oils is in yoga studios. Savasana massages have become popular at the end of yoga classes. These are short massages to the shoulders, neck, and temple done by some yoga teachers while the student is lying in Savasana pose. The issue is that many teachers are using essential oils neat, directly on the skin, not diluted in a carrier oil. You’ll read below some of the reasons that this is not a safe practice. And in a class I attended recently one of the teachers burnt the palms of her hands by pouring peppermint EO directly into her hands. Thankfully she didn’t get it on the student and burn them too.
I’ve also seen many people adding a drop or two of EO to their drinking water, to flavor it. If you think about it, oil and water don’t mix… even if you shake it up, the oil will just separate back out. Essential oils can only be diluted in a carrier oil or something with an oil base (lotion, cream, salve, or witch hazel), not a water base.
So let’s take a look at some facts about essential oil safety and hopefully get everyone on the same page about how to safely and properly use EOs. Please also share this post with your friends and family who use essential oils.
7 Essential Oil Safety Facts
- For starters, there is no body, group, or organization (national or international) that “grades” essential oils. Many companies claim certain grades such as “therapeutic grade”, “food grade”, or “safe to ingest” to try to represent their oils as being higher quality. These terms are simply marketing gimmicks used by the company making the oil. They do not indicate any type of certification by any national or international organization.
- Of course every company wants you to think that their essential oils are the BEST. However, the therapeutic properties of all essential oils vary greatly depending on where and how the plants were grown. For example, lavender from US has different properties than lavender from Australia or France. Organically grown plants are certified pesticide-free and GMO-free. Some plants are grown pesticide free but not certified organic. So you may need to ask small businesses and herb shops that make their own essential oils about how they source their ingredients.
- The Alliance of International Aromatherapists (AIA) does NOT recommend ingesting essential oils. And the National Association of Holistic Aromatherapy (NAHA) recommends ingesting EOs ONLY under the supervised care and guidance of a Certified Aromatherapist. Most direct sales people and even small businesses, or farmers market vendors are not.
- While many companies make excellent, pure essential oils, keep in mind that essential oils are volatile compounds. As such, EOs can easily burn the delicate mucosa of mouth, lips, tongue, esophagus, and stomach, and again should only be ingested when working with a trained and Certified Aromatherapist not a direct salesperson.
- Because EOs are volatile compounds, they should also never be applied directly to the skin (neat.) EOs should always be diluted in a carrier oil such as grape seed oil, coconut oil, jojoba, etc, before use. A blending table can be viewed here (bottom of linked page.)
- In fact, applying EOs directly to the skin can cause irritation or burns, and can lead to sensitivity to that particular oil. It can potentially lead to chemical sensitivities to other chemicals as well. There are two exceptions: lavender and tea tree oils may be used neat on occasion. But it’s still not recommended to make a regular practice of it, as that can lead to sensitivities.
- Many people assume because essential oils are “natural”, or plant-based that they are safe to use with pets. Sadly very little research has been done on EO use with pets. And many EOs are very toxic to cats in particular. Cats livers metabolize chemicals differently than other mammals. Ingesting EOs from licking their fur, or from the pads of their feet walking on surfaces cleaned with EOs, can be deadly to cats. In particular Eucalyptus and Tea Tree EOs are very harmful to cats. Here is a list of EOs that are harmful, as well as the few, like Rosemary, that are safe to use around cats (but not ON them.) More EOs are safe to use around dogs than cats. But again very little research has been done in this area to date. So please use extreme caution when using EOs around pets.
4 Qualities to Look for When Purchasing Essential Oils
- Ideally you’ll want to use organic or pesticide free EOs. After all, you’re likely using the EO for some healthy benefit, so why risk pesticide residue?
- Look for pure, single-source EOs that are not diluted in other oils—unless you are specifically looking for a pre-diluted EO. Because essential oils are big business these days, there is a lot of deceit going on in this area. Many EOs appear at first glance to be “pure EOs” because they may use meaningless terms like “Natural”. Let’s not forget that lead and arsenic are natural too but we don’t want then in our products! So take a look at the ingredients and you may see something like “Jojoba oil with lavender essential oil”, which tells you it’s not a “pure” essential oil.
- If you’re looking for a pure blend, ensure it’s a blend of pure essential oils (2-3 EOs blended together), not diluted with a carrier oil, unless that’s specifically what you are looking for.
- If looking for an EO to use in a diffuser, ensure it’s a pure essential oil, as any type of carrier oil can gum-up the diffuser.
Essential Oil Ethics
As an independent sales consultant with UK-based, family-owned and operated Neal’s Yard Remedies, I feel strongly about people using essential oils safely, without harming themselves, others, or their pets.
Neal’s Yard Remedies is a member of the Aromatherapy Trade Council and follows their guidelines, and Code of Practice. They also subscribe to the guidance of the AIA and NAHA and do not recommend ingesting essential oils, except under the supervised care and guidance of a Certified Aromatherapist. NYR Organic Consultants are not certified practitioners (with few exceptions) and we do not recommend oils used neat or taken internally.
Certified Organic and Fair-Wild EOs
Neal’s Yard Remedies has been distilling their own pure essential oils for over 35-years. All NYR EOs are pesticide-free. Most are also certified organic by the Soil Association or Certified Fair-Wild. NYR grows many of their own source plants on their organic family farm, Sheepdrove, in the UK.
Plants they don’t grow themselves (tropical plants such as orange blossoms, ylang ylang, cinnamon, frankincense, etc. that don’t naturally grow in the UK climate), are sourced Fair-trade pesticide-free, or Fair-Wild certified. Fair-Wild ensures plants are sustainably wild-harvested, leaving enough plants behind to continue growing.
NYR has decades-long relationships with their growers: small family farms and women-owned coops around the world. This assures the growers a fair wage plus philanthropic NYR donates thousands back to the grower’s villages for clean drinking water, wells, eduction, and healthcare. A win-win for everyone. NYR’s essential oils are manufactured in their award-winning, sustainable Eco-factory in Dorst, UK, with seed to bottle oversight.
Neal’s Yard Remedies Essential Oils
NYR currently has over 300 essential oils available in their retails stores in UK, Europe, and Asia. If you’re lucky enough to visit London, check out their lovely flagship store in Covent Garden. In the US we currently have about 30 essential oils online, with more new scents arriving from the UK all the time. You can learn more about Essential Oils here.
What is your favorite essential oil scent? Please leave a comment below to let us know. And be sure to share this post with your friends and family who use essential oils, so they can be safe too.